One of the Oldest Iranian Cities
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Hamadān or Hamedān (Old Persian: Hagmetana, Ecbatana) is the capital city of Hamadan Province of Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 473,149, in 127,812 families.
Hamedan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities. It is possible that it was occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BC; the Ancient Greek historian, Herodotus, states that it was the capital of the Medes, around 700 BC.
Hamedan has a green mountainous area in the foothills of the 3,574-meter Alvand Mountain, in the Midwest part of Iran. The city is 1,850 meters above sea level.
The special nature of this old city and its historic sites attract tourists during the summer to this city, located approximately 360 kilometers (220 miles) southwest of Tehran.
The major sights of this city are the Ganj Nameh inscription, the Avicenna monument and the Baba Taher monument.
Ali Sadr Cave
This massive river-cave system 70km north of Hamadan is normally visited as a day trip. It’s popular with Iranian tourists, but foreigners usually have mixed feelings, most stemming from the cost (10 times what locals pay) and the perceived commercialization. However, traversing darkened caverns by paddle boat and walking across subterranean islands is pretty special. Treat it as a cultural experience as well as a scenic one. A tour takes 45 to 90 minutes. Avoid (crowded) weekends and tip your guide.
Ganjnameh (literally ‘Treasure Book’) is so named because its cuneiform rock carvings were once thought to be cryptic clues leading to caches of Median treasure. These days it’s selfie central as groups of locals pose next to the inscriptions or in front of a nearby waterfall. The site, 8km from Hamadan’s centre, is the gateway to hikes up majestic Alvand Mountain.
Hamadan’s iconic 1954 Bu Ali Sina (Avicenna) Mausoleum dominates his namesake square and resembles a concrete crayon pointing to the heavens. It was loosely modelled on Qabus’ 1000-year-old tower in Gonbad-e Kavus. Only aficionados will want to pay the entry fee, which gives you access to a single-room museum of Avicenna memorabilia, his tombstone, a small library and a display on medicinal herbs. Entry is from the east.
Hegmataneh HillCan you recommend other things to do in Hamedan?
The view of distant mountains from the top of this low, open hill is pleasantly rewarding, especially in the late afternoon, but it’s what lies below that excites archaeologists: an ancient Median and Achaemenid city. Small sections have been excavated over the last century, most extensively in the 1990s. You can wander above several shed-covered trenches on wobbly plank scaffolding. There’s a smart museum nearby, as well as two Armenian churches, now part of Hamadan University.
The ancient walls’ gold and silver coatings are long gone and it’s hard to envisage the lumpy remnants as having once constituted one of the world’s great cities. The museum tries to fill the mental gap, showcasing archaeological finds such as large amphorae, Seljuk fountains, Achaemenid pillar bases and Parthian coffins. The main site entrance is to the north, but there’s a handy ‘back-door’ staircase from the city bus terminal behind the bazaar that climbs directly to the churches.
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Gold and silvering
One of the most famous and also the most common handicrafts of Hamedan province is the ringing industry, which makes it using gold and silver wires, making it a ring of ornaments such as emerald, agate, jasper, ruby and turquoise They use.
Gold on the glass
Gold art is made on glass in some of Hamedan province’s cities such as Hamadan, Malayer, and Laljin, and is, as its name implies, decorated with golden glassware.
Pottery and ceramics
Another important industry is the Hamadan province, pottery and ceramics, which is the city of pottery, the city of Laljin, and Laljin is known as the capital of Iranian pottery. The Laljin pottery of Hamedan has the fifth place in terms of the export commodity of Hamedan province. The Laljine pottery is famous in the world, and therefore the city of Laljin is also known as the World Pottery City.
The art of painting can be seen in most handicrafts in the province of Hamedan. The handicrafts that can be seen from this beautiful art include gilding, miniature, pottery and ceramic paintings.
An engraving is called an art that creates a notable piece of wood. The art of engraving has a long history.
In this art, there is a very delicate and thoroughly painted on wood that is almost like a diatribe. The art of mosaic is most often seen in Hamadan, Tusirkan, Malayer and Nahavand.
Wooden frames, carved on wood, create beautiful roles on it and artistically.
Messenger and pencil is one of the industries that is abundant in the markets of Hamedan province.
Glassware and glass cutters are the Hamadan handicrafts produced by the glass.
Build a musical instrument
In the city of Hamedan and in some of the beautiful city of this province, musical instruments such as Daf, Tara and Santour are traditionally made.
Due to the various stones available in the province of Hamedan, the masonry and carving industry has a special position in this province.
Carpet weaving is formed in Hamedan Province due to the agricultural and livestock boom and mass production of wool and quality yarns. One of the characteristics of Hamadan province’s carpet that is specific to this province is a broken and geometric role similar to fish and bergamot. Daisies and five quarts are two examples of Hamadan province carpets that are of particular popularity. Among the other carpets in the province, which can be mentioned are vault carpets, sidewalk, back, rocklist.
Gelim Hamedan province is distinguished from other parts of the country. It includes flower baskets, tulip flowers, daisies, bells, lobsters, flowers, sweet hands, facies and slides. The best quality flower of Hamedan province is woven clay in Nahavand city.
The greatest use of this beautiful art is for mosques, pilgrimage sites and cultural places, which is why it is also known as tile inscription.
Among the textile materials of this province, we can mention Jajim, Jajimča, Roquets, Tablecloths, Local clothing, Scarfs, Scarves and Sheets, which are used for cotton cloth, as well as woolen yarn for its wool.
Gwey in the old days was in a good position, especially in summer, but it can be said today that it has almost lost its place. Among the cities that are involved in the production of ghiw in Hamedan province are the villages of Khorraz, Dehfol, Fahromand and Artemian.
The art of needlework is called art, which is woven from silk threads of various colors on velvet and velvet fabrics. The needlework art is most commonly seen in the cities of Hamedan and Malayer. Examples of needle-engagement arts include: mirroring, dipping, dyeing, dipping, dipping, dipping, dipping and sprinkling.
The forging, knitting and chaining industries are among the industries of Hamedan province.
Other Industries of Hamedan Province
Leather coats, as well as pearl or matting, are among other industries in the province.