Majid Ghorbani

Personal Information

Full Name: Majid Ghorbani
Address: No. 10, 5th Floor, Sarv BLD., Alley 4, JahanAra St., Pasdaran BLV., Shiraz, 7133746345, Iran.
Sex: Male | Date of birth: 31/05/1987 | Nationality: Iran | Marriage Status: Married
Position: Researcher. Department of Combating desertification, Natural Resources and Earth Sciences Faculty, Kashan University. Kashan, Iran.

Academic Background

  • MSc. Natural Resources Engineering, combating desertification. Kashan University. 2012-2014. Grade: 19.21/20.00.
  • BSc. Natural Resources Engineering, Rangeland and Watershed. Yazd University. 2009-2011.
  • Associate degree. Rangeland and Watershed Technology. Malayer University. 2006-2009.
  • Associate degree. Tourism Management. Shiraz University. 2019-2021.

Work Experience

  • Researcher in Natural Resources and Earth Sciences Faculty, Kashan University. Since 2012.
  • Researcher and academic writer in Joint research team of Kashan University and Tehran University in Environmental Sciences. Since 2015.
  • Intern and researcher in Forests, Range and Watershed Management Organization, Razan, Hamadan, Iran. 2010.
  • Lab assistant (in Soil and Water lab, Botany lab, Essential Oil lab, Biotechnology lab, Microbiology lab, GC-MS lab, etc.) in Kashan University, 2012-2016
  • Technical Manager in Aryana Travel Agency, Shiraz, Iran. 2017-2021.
  • Historian writer in Story-Seller: How Stories Changed Our World?
  • Blogger in Aryana Travel
  • Café’ Manager and Head-Barista. Forough Boutique Hotel, Shiraz, Iran. 2017-2020.
  • Podcast and Content Producer (TravelCast Radio). Since 2015.
  • Freelancer in remote sensing, statistics and translation. Since 2014.

Publications

Books

Reclamation of Arid Lands

Mohammad Jafary, Ali Tavili, Fatemeh Panahi, Ehsan Zandi Esfahan, Majid Ghorbani. Reclamation of Arid Lands, 2018. Springer publisher.

Soil Erosion Control in Drylands

Mohammad Jafary, Fatemeh Panahi, Mohammad Tahmoures, Majid Ghorbani. Soil Erosion Control in Drylands, 2021. Springer Publisher.

Developments in Soil Salinity Assessment and Reclamation

Mohammad Jafary, Fatemeh Panahi, Majid Ghorbani. Developments in Soil Salinity Assessment and Reclamation (edited by Shabbir A. Shahid, Mahmoud A. Abdelfattah, Faisal K. Taha, Springer Press, 2013), 2016. Sokhanvaran Press. Translated to Persian.

Papers

Papers published in journals

Salinity stress and PGPR effects on essential oil changes in Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Nazanin Azarnejad, Reza Dehghani Bidgoli, Maryam Akhbari, Majid Ghorbani, 2019. Salinity stress and PGPR effects on essential oil changes in Rosmarinus officinalis L. Agriculture and Food Security, 8 (1): 2.
Abstract
Background: Medicinal plant species have been used by the ancestors around the world since ancient times. Rosmarinus officinalis is one of the most used medicinal plants, which belongs to the family Lamiaceae. To investigate the effects of different levels of salinity stress along with the induction of bacterial growth stimulation on the amount of essential oil composition in R. officinalis, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 12 treatments and five replications. Salinity treatments included 0 (control), 2.5 (T1), 5 (T2), 7.5 (T3), 10 (T4) and 12.5 (T5) NaCl g/L, and the bacterium was pseudomonas fluorescence.
Results: The percentage of essential oils showed a significant relationship with increasing salinity either alone or in composition with plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) inoculation treatments and it increased with increasing salinity levels to treatment 4 (T4, 10 g/L NaCl) but decreased with further increases in salinity levels in treatments without using PGPR and it was constant in treatment with using PGPR. Phellandrene, one of the main compounds of essential oils, showed a trend like the whole amount of essential oils in both group of treatments. Conclusion: Abiotic and biotic factors may influence the different mechanisms and limit the interactions between plant and beneficial bacteria, resulting in less-than-acceptable performance in plant growth promotion and management of diseases. In this context, the results revealed that the application of PGPRs can help improve the essential oil yield in R. officinalis even in salinity conditions.
Keywords: Bacteria, Essential oils, Rosemary, Medicinal plant, Salt stress, GC/MS

Effect of salinity on Nitraria schoberi: Growth parameters, Chlorophyll content and Ion accumulation

Majid Ghorbani, Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi, Fatemeh Panahi, Javad Attarha, Navid Marzbani, Mina Mo’ases, 2014. Effect of salinity on Nitraria schoberi: Growth parameters, Chlorophyll content and Ion accumulation. International journal of agriculture and crop science: 7-11, 853-862.
Abstract
Salinity is one of the most important factors that cause vegetation decline and sometimes elimination in arid and semi-arid regions. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of salinity on growth parameters, chlorophyll content and ion accumulation of Nitaria schoberi. Twenty pots were used in four replications and treatments consisted of a control treatment and four treatments with different salinity levels in a completely randomized design. Salt was added to the pots at concentrations of 0, 86, 160, 204 and 246 mM NaCl. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software. The first treatment (T1, 86 mM NaCl) achieved the best growth rate and the highest chlorophyll content and also the least amount of pigment degradation. According to the results, the ion balance of N. schoberi showed specific mechanisms in the tissues, so that the concentration of sodium and chloride ions increased with increasing salinity level, and in general, the concentration of potassium, calcium and magnesium ions decreased with increasing salinity level. Best performance of Nitraria schoberi was obtained in low salinity (86 mM NaCl).
Keywords: Chlorophyll content, Growth Parameters, Ion Accumulation, Nitraria schoberi, Salinity.

Effect of NaCl Salinity on Salsola tomentosa in Greenhouse Conditions: Growth parameters, Water Relations, Compatible Solutions and Chlorophyll

Fatemeh Panahi, Mohammad Hassan Assareh, Mohammad Jafary, Hossein Arzani, Ali Tavili, Alireza Givar, Majid Ghorbani, Javad Attarha, Zeinab Jahanideh, 2015. Effect of NaCl Salinity on Salsola tomentosa in Greenhouse Conditions: Growth parameters, Water Relations, Compatible Solutions and Chlorophyll. Desert Ecosystems Engineering Journal. 4 (7): 65-74. In Persian.
Abstract
Soil salinity is one of the important and determinant factors in land degradation and desertification. This study was undertaken to investigate salt tolerance in Salsola tomentosa under greenhouse conditions to choose a suitable species for saline conditions. The treatment solutions for salinity tests were different concentrations of NaCl (0, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 mM) with three replicates. Fresh and dry weights, relative water content, leaf water potential, proline, soluble sugar and chlorophyll contents were measured. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software and Statistical analysis was done using Duncan for mean comparison. According to the results, fresh and dry weight of organs, chlorophyll content and leaf water potential were decreased with increasing salinity level. However, leaf relative water content, proline and total soluble sugars were increased with increasing salinity levels. Finally, we have to mention that nature is unpredictable and it is not impossible to observe unexpected trends in specific conditions.
Keywords: Chlorophyll Content, Proline, Soil Salinity, Salsola tomentosa, Soluble Sugar, Relative Water Content

Salinity and Temperature Effects on Germination Characteristics of Salsola tomentosa

Fatemeh Panahi, Mohammad Jafary, Mohammad Hassan Assareh, Alireza Givar, Hossein Arzani, Ali Tavili, Nastaran Givar, Majid Ghorbani, Anahita Shariat, Bahram Mirakhorli, Ali Nazarzadeh and Kolsoom Bekhradi, 2013. “Salinity and Temperature Effects on Germination Characteristics of Salsola tomentosa”. IJITEE.

Investigation of Salt Stress Effects on Growth Parameters and Salinity Tolerance Efficiency in Nitraria schoberi

Majid Ghorbani, Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi, Fatemeh Panahi, Javad Attarha, 2014. Investigation of Salt Stress Effects on Growth Parameters and Salinity Tolerance Efficiency in Nitraria schoberi. Journal of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development. Malayer University. In Persian.
Abstract. Salinity is one of the most important factors that causes vegetation decline and sometimes elimination in arid and semi-arid regions. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of salinity on fresh and dry weight, total plant biomass and salt tolerance efficiency of Nitaria schoberi. Twenty pots were used in four replications and treatments consisted of a control treatment and four treatments with different salinity levels in a completely randomized experimental design. Salt was added to the pots at concentrations of 0, 86, 160, 204 and 246 mMNaCl. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software. According to the obtained results, it can be concluded that salinity level of 86 mMNaCl was desirable of plant growth and this species has the ability to tolerate high concentrations of salinity up to 204 mMNaCl, although crop yield decreases with increasing salinity level. Higher concentrations (246 mMNaCl) were out of the crop tolerance and after a period, plant will be dried and gradually disappear.
Keywords: Biomass, Growth Parameters, Nitraria schoberi, Salinity Stress.

Responses of Salsola orientalis to salt stress

Fatemeh Panahi, Mohammad Hassan Asareh, Mohammad Jafary, Alireza Givar, Ali Tavili, Hossein Arzani, Majid Ghorbani, 2015. Responses of Salsola orientalis to salt stress. International journal of advanced biological and biomedical research. 3(2): 163-171.
Abstract
Objective: Salt stress is a world-wide problem and soil salinity is common in arid and semi-arid regions. This study was undertaken to investigate salt tolerance in Salsola orientalis in laboratory and natural conditions and recognize the mechanisms that allow it to tolerate these conditions. Methods: This study had two parts of greenhouse and natural habitats. The treatment solutions for salinity tests were different concentrations of NaCl and Na2SO4 (0, 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 mM) with three replicates and growth parameters and proline and soluble sugar were determined in vegetative growth stage in greenhouse. Soil (two depths of 0-10 cm and 10-45 cm) and plant (root and shoot) samples have been harvested from three 200 meters transects in three provinces of Esfahan, Semnan and Markazi. Plant proline and soluble sugar and soil texture and EC were measured in laboratory. Collected data were analyzed using a factorial experiment and means were compared by DMRT method by SPSS software. Results: Results indicated that proline and soluble sugar were significantly affected by salinity levels and increased with salinity increase. The rate of growth parameters increased with an increase in salinity up to 300 mM while salinity levels more than 300 mM NaCl caused all growth characteristics decline. Data obtained from the laboratory experiment confirmed the findings noted during the field study. It has to be mentioned that nature is unpredictable and observing unexpected trends under specific conditions is not impossible.
Keywords: NaCl, Na2SO4, Salsola orientalis, Salt tolerance

Study of the Salinity and Alkalinity Stress effects on Nitraria schoberi

Majid Ghorbani, Javad Mo’meni Demaneh, Fatemeh Panahi, Mina Mo’ases, Javad Attarha, Navid Marzbani, 2014. Study of the Salinity and Alkalinity Stress effects on Nitraria schoberi. Taraksh Journal of Physical Education. Volume1, Issue 1: 1-7.
Abstract
Soil degradation due to salinity and alkalinity is a serious environmental problem of global significance. The objective of this research is to investigate the effects of salinity and alkalinity stress on the growth parameters of Nitraria schoberi and its resistance to saline-alkali stress. For salinity treatments, twenty pots were used in control and four treatments: 0, 86, 160, 204 and 246 mM NaCl. For alkalinity treatment, twenty pots were also used in control and four treatments: 7.2, 8.5, 9, 9.5 and 10 with KOH solutions (1 M). Statistical analysis of data was performed with statistical comparison by Duncan’s multiple range method using SPSS software. In salinity treatments, the first treatment (T1, 86 mM NaCl) achieved the best growth and resistance compared with other treatments. In alkalinity treatments, the second treatment (T2, pH 9) achieved the best performance, growth and resistance to alkalinity compared with other treatments. Finally, it can be stated that N. schoberi is suitable for saline and alkaline soils and capable of growing in such detrimental conditions.
Keywords: alkalinity, salinity, Nitraria schoberi, growth parameters, tolerance efficiency.

An Introduction of Narrative Tourism

Majid Ghorbani, Nazanin Azarnejad, 2021. An Introduction of Narrative Tourism. Tourism of Culture. Submitted.
Abstract
Tourism is an activity having many social and cultural effects in addition to economic benefits and job creation. However, persuading and attracting tourists in tourism marketing is a fluid and variable process. Narrative tourism can be referred to as a type of tourism in which stories, legends, myths, rituals of a destination or stories, memories and experiences of a tourist from the destination are used as an effective tool to create and increase the attractiveness of a place or destination. Thus, the resources available to narrative tourism include stories, myths, history and rituals of the destination and the stories, experiences and memories that tourists take home with them. Sustainable narrative tourism not only increases tourist attraction, increases incomes of government and local community, and enhances the quality of life of local people in the region, but also makes tourists more respectful of the conditions, traditions, and culture of the host community. The relationship between the tourist and the environment is also influential in three dimensions: economic, socio-cultural and environmental. Adventure tourism, agri-tourism, wildlife tourism and ecotourism can also be used to preserve nature and sustainable tourism in the service of narrative tourism. In the digital age, social media helps to facilitate the popularization of media content production and the transfer of power to the consumer. With the help of narrative tourism, the host community, while being effective and impressive, can proudly preserve and maintain its culture and beliefs. As a result, narrative tourism is a simple strategy to use the potential of attractions in story-building, storytelling and story-listening, which aims to maintain the variety of stories, narratives and cultures by creating diverse stories, in addition to creating new attractions and reviving old attractions.
Keywords: Narrative tourism, historical and cultural heritage, nature-based tourism, quality of life

Papers presented in conferences

Investigation of salt stress effects on relative water content and chlorophyll content in Nitraria schoberi

Majid Ghorbani, Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi, fatemeh Panahi, Javad Attarha, Navid Marzbani. 2014. Investigation of salt stress effects on relative water content and chlorophyll content in Nitraria schoberi. The 4th international Conference on Environmental Challenges and Dendrochronology. Sari, Iran. In Persian.
Abstract. Salinity is one of the most important factors that cause vegetation decline and sometimes elimination in arid and semi-arid regions. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of salinity on relative water content (RWC) and chlorophyll content of Nitaria schoberi. Twenty pots were used in four replications and treatments consisted of a control treatment and four treatments with different salinity levels in a completely randomized experimental design. Salt was added to the pots at concentrations of 0, 86, 160, 204 and 246 mM NaCl. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software. Treatment 1 (86 mM NaCl) gained highest content of chlorophyll a and b and also least amount of pigment degradation. There was no significant difference in the amount of carotenoids in the different treatments. First treatment also achieved the best performance of the leaf relative water content. We can thus conclude that Nitraria schoberi showed best performance in chlorophyll content and relative water content at low salinity level (86 mM NaCl).
Keywords: Chlorophyll Content, Nitraria schoberi, Relative Water Content, Salinity Stress.

Groundwater level changes in the northern plains of Hamadan

Navid Marzbani, Majid Ghorbani, Hoda Ghasemieh, Javad Attarha, 2014. Groundwater level changes in the northern plains of Hamadan. The 4th international Conference on Environmental Challenges and Dendrochronology. Sari, Iran. In Persian.

Investigation of salt stress effects on ion accumulation in Tamarix aphylla

Javad Attarha, Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi, fatemeh Panahi, Majid Ghorbani, Navid Marzbani. 2014. Investigation of salt stress effects on ion accumulation in Tamarix aphylla. The 4th international Conference on Environmental Challenges and Dendrochronology. Sari, Iran. In Persian.

Change in vegetation and soil salinity using remote sensing data (case study: Amir Abad plains, Kurdistan province)

Navid Marzbani, Javad Momeni Demeneh, Fatemeh Panahi, Majid Ghorbani, Meysam Fereyduni Ghare Ghani, Javad Attarha. 2014. Change in vegetation and soil salinity using remote sensing data (case study: Amir Abad plains, Kurdistan province). The 4th international Conference on Environmental Challenges and Dendrochronology. Sari, Iran. In Persian.

Changes in chlorophyll index and relative water content of leaves of Meadowsage plants (Salvia virgate L.) affected by water stress

Maliheh Nasiri, Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi, Babak Bahreininejad, Reza Dehghani Bidgoli, Majid Ghorbani. 2014. Changes in chlorophyll index and relative water content of leaves of Meadowsage plants (Salvia virgate L.) affected by water stress. The 4th international Conference on Environmental Challenges and Dendrochronology. Sari, Iran. In Persian.

Other Books

Story-Seller: How Stories Changed Our World?

Majid Ghorbani, 2021. Story-Seller: How Stories Changed Our World? Farhangestan Adab Publisher. Shiraz. In Persian.

Master Thesis

The Effects of Salt Stress on Growth, Ion Accumulation and Phyto-Biochemical Parameters in Nitre-Bush Plants (Nitraria Schoberi L.)

University of Kashan
Faculty of Natural Resources and Earth Science
Thesis For Degree of Master of Sciences (MSc)
In Natural Resources Engineering – De-desertification
Title:
The Effects of Salt Stress on Growth, Ion Accumulation and Phyto-Biochemical Parameters in Nitre-Bush Plants (Nitraria schoberi L.)
Supervisor:
Dr. Abolfazl Ranjbar Fardoyi
Advisor:
Dr. Fatemeh Panahi
September 2014
(Grade: 19.90/20.00)
Abstract
Worldwide daily increasing of soil and water salinity, they have been paid attention as stress factors. One of the methods for using saline soil and water resources is identification of salt tolerant native plants that have nutritive, forage and medicinal value. The purpose of this study is to determine Nitraria schoberi tolerance to salt stress in the growth phase and to study the effects of salinity on growth and phyto-biochemical parameters as well as ion accumulation in plant tissues. This study was carried out in a completely randomized design in four replications and treatments consisted of a control treatment and four treatments of 0, 86, 160, 204 and 246 mM NaCl. Plant biomass, salinity tolerance efficiency (STE), relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll content, and ion accumulation were calculated. Data analysis was performed by SPSS software (16.0). Statistical analysis was done using Duncan for mean comparison. Increasing salinity levels to 86 mM NaCl, Chlorophyll “a”, “b” and total chlorophyll content, fresh and dry weight and Relative water content significantly increased and decreased with further increases in salinity levels. Better conditions in the leaf relative water content are in the first treatment and these results can be due to the existence of mechanisms to reduce water losses (more closed stomata, spreading roots and osmotic adjustment) and suitable conditions for growth in the low salinity level. Salinity tolerance efficiency showed a significant decrease by increasing salinity. Leaves ash content increased significantly with salinity increase. This increase can be due to increase the leaves ion accumulation. Pigment degradation decreased with increasing salinity levels to the first treatment and decreased with further increases in salinity levels. Other parameters related to chlorophyll had no significant differences with increased salinity. The sodium and chloride ions content increased with increasing salinity levels, and in general, the concentration of potassium and calcium ions decreased with increasing salinity levels. Magnesium content of the control treatment got the lowest level and there was no significant difference between other treatments. The salt adsorbent halophytes have large vacuoles in their aerial organ cells that allow storing sodium and chloride, and diluting them by osmotic water absorption that help plants to keep swelling and juicy leaf cells. The ratios of potassium, calcium and magnesium to sodium increased with increasing salinity levels to the first treatment and decreased with further increases in salinity levels. Between different salinity treatments, the first treatment showed the best performance, the highest production and tolerance to salinity. Although high salinity reduces crop production but the results show the species is relatively high resistance to moderate salinity level. Finally, it should be noted that nature is unpredictable and there is the probability of observing different reactions of the species in different climates and natural conditions. To achieve the best results, numerous studies are required on this species and other species of this family.
Keywords: Biomass, Chlorophyll, Desert, Ion Accumulation, Salinity, Salinity tolerance efficiency.

Projects

Socio-Economical and Environmental Effects of Desertification

Investigation of Socio-Economical and Environmental Effects of Desertification (case study: Kashan). Since 2015.
Position: Researcher and Co-worker.
Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands. Tehran, Iran.

Courses and Training

  • Remote Sensing, 2010. Yazd, Iran.
  • Remote Sensing, 2013. Kashan, Iran.
  • Accounting, 2014, Hamadan, Iran.
  • Barista course, 2016, Tehran, Iran.
  • Barista Advanced Course, 2017, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Knowledge of Iran and World Air Fleet, 2019, Shiraz, Iran.
  • Artificial Intelligence, 2020. Shiraz, Iran.

Computer Skills

  • Knowledge of remote sensing software such as Arc GIS, Erdas, etc.
  • Knowledge of Statistical software such as SPSS, R, etc.
  • Knowledge of programming languages such as MATLAB, etc.
  • Knowledge of data processing methods such as Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Neural Network, etc.
  • Knowledge of Hydrological software such as Surfer, etc.
  • Knowledge of office suite (word processor, spread sheet, presentation software, etc.)
  • Knowledge of photo and sound editing software such as Photoshop, Audacity, etc.

Honors and Awards

  • Ranked 1st amongst students studying M.Sc. of Natural Resources Engineering, 19.21/20.00. Department of combating desertification, Natural Resources and Earth Sciences Faculty, Kashan University.

Languages

  • Persian and Turkish: Native and Mother Tongues
  • English: Fluent
  • IELTS: 6.5
  • French and Italian: Basic

Research Interests

  • Physiological and biochemical mechanisms of agronomic crops and rangeland plants to improve vegetative and reproductive growth and to resistance environmental stresses and diseases,
  • Development of the strategies for sustainable agriculture and optimizing crop yield and quality,
  • Management, monitoring and assessment of ecosystem services and vegetation dynamics, especially in rangelands using remote sensing and other new methods,
  • Plant-soil-water-microbe interactions in farms and ranges,
  • Monitoring and modeling nutrient cycling,
  • Reclamation and restoration practices in agriculture and rangeland management,
  • Social, cultural and economic strategies to preserve the environment.

References